Thursday, May 09, 2019

When Professional Associations (like the International Literacy Assoc) Fail...

Yesterday I saw a tweet about the International Reading Association's blog post, #ILAchat: Why Students Need #OwnVoices Stories. I clicked on it and saw that, in the third paragraph, there was a link to their 2019 ILA Choices reading lists. As an advocate for #OwnVoices, I was excited to see what Native writers they had on their lists. I was naive. As you can see, the title of my blog post has the word "fail" in it. The book lists and the subsequent exchange I had with ILA were disappointing--and infuriating.

There are three booklists on their site:

  • Children's Choices: 2019 Reading List, with about 100 books on it.
  • Teacher's Choices: 2019 Reading List, with about 30 books on it.
  • Young Adults Choices: 2019 Reading List, with about 30 books on it.


I looked at all three. Not a single Native writer. So, I tweeted to them. Here's a compilation of my thread to them:
Hey, @ILAToday... I read your article on the importance of #OwnVoices... And I followed links to your bklists, and I guess #OwnVoices doesn't apply to Native people. Three booklists and zero Native writers?! Why?
Even worse, your booklists include books that misrepresent Native people [actual tweet said writers; I meant people.] On example is LOVE, PENELOPE.  That bk is full of problematic imagery about Native people. My review: Not Recommended: Love, Penelope
Books that misrepresent Native people feed a cycle that works AGAINST Native writers because their stories and characters and content don't match the "Indian" stories/characters/content that White writers have in their books. THIS IS UTTERLY DISGUSTING.
And you, YOU, ILA--an international literacy organization--are supposed to help kids. 
Is it your goal to miseducate kids about who Native people are?
Is your goal to hurt Native kids and their sense of well-being with these problematic representations?

ILA replied (I have screen captures of their tweets if anybody wants to see them). Here's one (see below for the entire thread):

Image of tweet from the International Literacy Association that says books on their lists are selected by readers and not influenced by publishers or by the International Literacy Association.


ILA could have said "You're right. We don't have any Native writers on the lists. We will examine the process by which we put those lists together so that this doesn't happen again."

They didn't do that.

They began a threaded reply to me:
Thanks for your feedback. We have edited the blog post to better reflect how books are selected for inclusion on the #ILAChoices reading lists. 

Their edit (as near I can tell; I don't have the pre-edited post for comparison) was this note, at the bottom of the post:
This blog post was edited on 5/8/2019 to more accurately reflect the process by which books are selected for the Choices reading lists. Publisher participation in the Choices lists, and the titles they choose to submit to the project, are at their discretion and not selected by ILA as could be inferred from the original writing.
Their next tweet in the thread is this:
Project participants read and vote on hundreds of titles that publishers submit across the three Choice projects. Titles selected to the list are determined solely by reader networks and not influenced by ILA or the publisher. 
That edit and that tweet sounded like they feel they are not responsible for books on the list. Doesn't that sound kind of... pathetic? These are their publications. This is their website. But content on it... not their fault if something's not right about them. My reply:
So, ILA, it isn't your fault that these lists are the way they are? Ok. At the very least they should tell ILA how much your association could do to inform membership about Native writers, Native bks, and problematic representations. 
Later I saw that they had continued with their thread:
We encourage contributions to our list by smaller and more diverse publishers and authors with specific language in our Call for Submissions form; however, publisher participation, and the titles they choose to submit to the project, are at their discretion.
It's the same for our conference. Each year, publishers are invited to submit a list of authors they are willing to bring. We seek out additional pitches when necessary to include more diverse and representative authors. 
For example, we sought out @tim_tingle to be featured at #ILA18 and extended invitations to other Native American authors. 
Here is the slate for Author Meetups at #ILA19. [They provided a link; it has one Native writer listed.]
We do the work because we believe it is important. We always encourage authors and publishers to participate across our venues and platforms.
ILA believes that Children have the right to read texts that mirror their experiences and languages, provide windows into the lives of others, and open doors into our diverse world.
And ILA believes that children have the right to choose what they read.
The tweet that says they encourage contributions by smaller and more diverse publishers, is familiar. In 2012, the Children's Book Council launched a diversity initiative and a Goodreads bookshelf that had problematic books on it. Their initiative was going to be launched at the American Library Association's midwinter conference. Naomi Bishop attended their session and wrote up her thoughts. The reason I'm bringing that initiative up here, is because the CBC is involved with ILA's Children's Choices list:
Children's Choices is cosponsored by the Children's Book Council and includes children's recommendations of approximately 100 titles.
There was a lot of discussion about the Council. It is expensive to join and smaller publishers can't afford to be members. I don't recall where any of that ended up. If I recall right, CBC was very resistant to letting smaller publishers--like Lee and Low--put their books on that CBC Diversity Bookshelf. I may write to Jason (at Lee and Low) to ask him about it.

ILA using CBC as they did--as they do, to make books available to kids for this Children's Choice project--means that the kids are getting books from major publishers, some of which have problematic content... like Love, Penelope. 

ILA's response is disappointing.

I wish they had said (as noted above), that they didn't realize their lists had no Native writers on them, and that they would make sure that doesn't happen again. But there's more necessary!

It is good that they invited Tim Tingle last year, and Traci Sorell this year, to their conference but what are they going to do about the fact that they offered a problematic book to children? I'm pretty sure that if Little Black Sambo had been sent to them by the CBC, they would have set it aside. We need that same sort of decision-making with respect to Native images.

Instead of acknowledging any of their responsibility as educators, they are putting forth the "right to read" defense. I agree: children do have that right to read but let's not kid ourselves. Teachers have an educational responsibility. They make decisions on what books to use, all the time. They can't use every book. They make choices. Students in their classrooms have the right to read what they want to, but teachers are also teaching about racism, racist texts, and critical literacy.

I'm incensed that ILA is floating the "right to read" in this particular exchange with me.

And I'm further incensed that they're using Bishop's mirrors and windows metaphor in this exchange with me. Love, Penelope is not a mirror for any Native child. So why invoke her work in this exchange?

There's an ILAChat twitter tonight (May 9). The topic: #OwnVoices. I plan to join in.

ILA failed many times. They failed to notice that a book list on their website did not include Native writers. Then, they failed to acknowledge their own failure in not noticing the lack of Native writers. Then they failed in how they defended the book list. They threw CBC under the bus and they misused freedom to read and Dr. Bishop's metaphor.



3 comments:

Val O. said...

Wow. That is incredibly disappointing. They say that the list isn't really their responsibility, but seem more than willing to put their name on it. I feel like them saying, "we're not a problem. Look we brought in a Native author that one time", is the same as saying, "I can't be racist. I have a black friend". I guess that's easier than admitting they made a mistake, and then showing how they'll fix it.

Ava Jarvis said...

I'm beyond disappointed. I'm angry and incensed. I'm no longer a child, but I remember the books we were assigned to read based off recommendation lists offered by bodies like the ILA, whether or not said bodies chose the books themselves or just (apparently???) offered books chosen by third parties without further examination or curation (and in which case what exactly is the ILA's job?).

I certainly didn't have a choice not to read books that portrayed non-white people as unintelligent and uncultured, and that often killed off the non-white character in some poignant way to motivate the white protagonists.

A "right to read what they want" indeed. What lies they tell themselves. What they list greatly influences what books teachers choose for their lessons. And kids end up reading *that*.

What an irresponsible abdication of moral responsibility by the ILA. That's what this is. It's a huge mark against them, and that they can't seem to see that makes all of this much more of a disgrace.

(Or maybe they do see it, and are trying to make it seem like that's not the case at all, which is just a different kind of utter and disgusting disgrace.)

Mrs. Marshall said...

Hi Debbie,

Yet again I have not finished reading the article BUT have to comment and YES to this...this what they could have said.

"You're right. We don't have any Native writers on the lists. We will examine the process by which we put those lists together so that this doesn't happen again."

So simple it seems. And yet...it's not what is given.

You can't listen and do better when your first response is to defend. You can't examine the process and see why that is the result if your first response is to defend. It means your ears are closed and with it your mind to the notion that maybe we ARE doing it wrong, that we ARE sending a profoundly "we don't care" message to the ALL the students and readers we serve.

"Yes but..." is not how change is made. Alright! Back to reading and as always thank you for all you do.